[1]

. : YMCA-Press, 1923. 238 . : , 1968. 239 .


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. - I. . - II. . - III. . - IV. . - V. . - VI. . . - VII. . - VIII. . . - IX. .

ce o e ce, a e oa eo,
Om oaa. aa 1.5

PECOBE

ocoec e opeeee aee oe yxoo , e ao oy py o ocoecoo. O opc o y oee, e o-o caee cee. cea e e a e ocoecoo e, yx eo yxy. Oe pa paeoc oeo coa a ococe opoc a caa po opoca ocoecoo. Ka pa, oa pea ocoecoo, o opac e ce c ox ox opo. B oc c poae ocpoo aaa o yy ea ee o Beo ope. Moe epoe opaee o Xpcy o opaee opay Xpca eee. e coo cea a ocoo oeo peooo pooye pocoep, o epo y coo cpec c ococ, a coe yxoo poo. e a a opeoc ca y o ocoeco, ocyec ee aco ox cax. Ceap, oop e o ocoeco Boo ae yxoo Kyyp [2] eee 192021 oa, ooeo oy e copa ce o c o ocoeco. ca y, oopo e oo ac pacp pocoepae coecoo, o o oe oe o oeo coceoo pocopa.

Moca, 23 cemp 1921 .

ABA I
yxo opa ocoecoo

e copac ca copo-epaypoo cceoa o oceco, e peoaa a eo opa xapaepcy eo oc. Meee ceo ae o a ye o oac eypo p po opeca e oe o . He o ae caa, o oxoy ocoecoy c cxooeco o pe, pacpa cxoo ocoecoo. Mo aaa a. Mo paoa oa oecea oac eaoo, a e cxoo. xoe pacp yx ocoecoo, eo yoaee pooyee yo occoa eo pocoepae. ocoec e oo e xyo, o ae e ce e yxoe. O ea ae, ea pycc ea.  e   pa opoy, epay po opece ocoecoo. eaa, ea aea aae e eee eco y ocoecoo, e eo eoaa . ea aea ec oco po eo xyoeca. O xyoeco co poae epooco e, e poae eo xyoeco. e y y eo opaeco ; e co eopay, ey cyy. a e aeca , e e eo caecoo, e ocao oocee. ocoec cceye aece poecc e. B opece eo oaec oe xp e. e poeae pacaeo, oeo aocepe oxaex e y ocoecoo e, o e epecyec. oce ocoeco ec o-o o epaoa yxa. Bce e oeo ao, ce e, poopex ope. e y ocoecoo e ace, caece aeop, o oee o. Bce e ocoecoo ca c cyo eoea, c cyo pa, c cyo oa. e opee cyy. e ooecoo yoo ooo, ce, epe a. B ee cocpeooea cpa papyea ep aa. ocoec oaae, a p e papya ecy e. Ho ee e cocpeooea cpa ocpeaa opoaa . Mp e y ocoecoo coce oco, eao opa p, oe o o pa e aa. e ocoecoo e poopa , e epe cyoc y, oeo, e op, a cy , epe oee ep. Ho e eee aoa paa o opeeee aee . ope oepceco oe, coo opa caocoeoe aee e aoopa x eoc ao caee, ocoecoy e oo, e o eo, e yyc eo oa coeopa p e. Topeco ocoecoo ec acoee peco c. e, oope oaac p yace o pece a o ocoa, o coe ceeco peec aoop eoc co c co e, opea ce a yoe, eoe oyoooe cyecoae. ocoec opae oe p. p axoc coco ypoo e. epe p x ee paaac cy eoea. Ho e, oope opaa ce epeco cxoo, opao copoe xyoeca, e apa cee ocy pa oa e oy oo, o pacpaec opece ocecoo. o xoy o cay yy pa e ocoecoo, ocy eo pocoepae. o aoe pocoepae cae? o eo coepae pa, eo yoe pooee o ypeee cyeco pa. o ec o, o opaec opy o pe, o . ocoecoo o coe opoee, xoy ocy eo. Mpocoepae ocoecoo e o oeeo cceo e, ao cce e ca y xyoa, a p oa ooe ooa. Mpocoepae ocoecoo ec eo eaa y eoeeco poo cy. o y xyoecea, o e oo xyoecea, o ae ea, oaaea, ococa y, o oc. ocoec ao-o ocoeo cce . Eo opeco ec ae, aya o yxe, Mpocoepae ocoecoo pee ceo ce cee aecoe, o aoc xoy eo pacp, C aeco o pe y ocoecoo e ax poope. O ocyece p coincidencia opositoum [3] . yyeoo e ocoecoo a oe ooae ae, o ae xoe ooe occao.

ocoeco oo ca. Moo epecoo epoo o e o caao. Ho ce-a e o ocaoo eocoo ey oxoa. K ocoecoy oxo c pax oe pe, eo oea epe cyo pax pocoepa, pae copo ocoecoo acoc o o opac apac. ox o pee ceo pecaee a yex ocopex, pyx eco aao, pex popoo ooo xpcaca, eepx o op oooo eoea, x o pee ceo c paoca aaae pycco eccaco e. Ho o cex x oxoax, o-o popax ocoeco, e o oeaoc eo eocoy yxy. ooe pe paoo pycco p ocoec ocaac ap, a ce eae e pycco epayp. H.Mxaoc opaec e cocoe o ocoecoo. oa ocoecoo ye oco ca y. oa ocoecoo oae oo poco c peeo, c ca ocoec, o-o o eo yxa. Too aae XX ea y ac aaoc yxooe eoe ee, oopo poc y, oee pocee ocoecoy. eoao opoc y ac epec ocoecoy. ye ceo ce-a ca o ocoeco Mepeoc coe e .Toco ocoec. Ho o co a poeee ce peoo cxe, apae c .Toc. eo ocoec aco ec cpeco pooe pe ocpece o, eceoe coeopae yxa ocoecoo o e . Ho epe Mepeocoy yaoc o-o pop ocoeco, pae ocaaoc coepeo ap. Eo oxo ocoecoy ce e pao eepe. Bcoo eoo cae, a eoe ee yxa, yo pa a eocoe ee yxa. B eocoe ee yxa yo yo poa, coepa eo, a o opa, ac eo. o ece ep eo. He eoe, opaecoe ee yxa oepa ce, oo ypae o oo oepaopa, coepa eo eoc ye oee e. K eoy e yxa yo oxo c epye yo, e paaa eo oopeoc cecco. Mey e a ae ox oe co oeppoa oo eoo cae, oopea e pa pyy cpy oe. eoc yxo opa ceae, coepae eaec eoo. Coepae ecoeo c paoee peea coepa. xoy oac oo ocoecoy ye epyeo, eocoo yoo a p eo aecx e, poy a eo epoo .

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Ec c e aoae, a e epaoae, paae ceeoeecoe aoao, o o ocoeo epo o ooe .. O xapaepo pycc, o y pycc e, ca pycc ax ex caee ece c e aoee ceeoeec o coey ae o co ea. O pycc eoeo. cea co pycc, e o po ce A.. Topeco ocecoo ec pyccoe coo o ceeoeeco. ooy cex pyccx caee o aoee epece aaoepoecx e. O y e opoe o o ceoe, o x y, o opoe oo, aaooo x pa pyccoo Bocoa. o o oa ocoecoo a o o-o oe cyeceoe cpoe pycco y, a pc paae a Pocc. Ho e, a oop pyo e pycc e:

o Pocc e o
Apo o e ep [4] .

ocoec opaae ce poope pyccoo yxa, c eo aooc, oycay oooc cax poooox cye o Pocc pycco apoe. o ocoecoy oo ya ae coeopaoe yxooe cpoee. Pycce , oa o aoee paa coeopae ep coeo apoa, a o a       c . o a, o o e oy pea cepee yeo , cepee yyp, o yx x ycpee oeoy peeoy. o a oca, ooe opae, paae oy y e ycpeeoc oy. a yoo oo cpoee yxa pyccoo o cpoe yxa eeoo, e c pc, cpoe yxa paycoo, pay oa ce. Pycc ye cpo ca py opeca yyp, copeco6 y apoa. Hapo c ao yo p oe cac coe cop. Aoaa c poooox oo, peooo aececoo, oaoo epa yypy cop, a cepey y. aco pyo ae opee, oey pycc eoe oe y po yyp cop epae ce eoc, oey o ooec, ooy , o o c, ooy, o o aoa ycpee cepapeaey peooy oy . B coe aco e ocoec e: H c y ac ooy, o ce . ocoec cceye o y pycc . Aoeca opoc pycco y coeae c peoo ycpeeoc oy pa, ooy opoe, oo ee ooy ey. Pycc ec paea pycca aoaoc. Taa yxoa acpoeoc oe apye copecy paoy apoa, opeco yypx eoce, oa oe e aopcye co yeo ce. o e y K.eoe, oa oop, o pycc eoe oe c, o e oe ec. ecoc pacea cepea, ypyaa opoee, oa e epeca aoao co. coco oaaoc poo pyccoo apoa, ooy o c a eoe pa, oco e opeaec a ececoc. Heoe oca ce yxoo , oco e oaaec e cpee yypo . ooy Pocc a paee opac ey oe eooce c yyp coe, ey oo yxo opoo eyypo acco. B Pocc e yypo cpe, yypo cepe o e yypo pa. B ooe yype ce o pycce . Kyypa e, e papeae poe oa, cxoa pooo poecca, oa apee cepey. Pycc aa (eoe paee ocoecoo), ooe peee oex pox opoco, o oe eccep, o ycpoe eoeeca o ooy ay, aeca, coaca aapxca, yypa pecaec oexo x cpeeo e oy. po oy poooaa pycce copecoy yypoy pyy epoecx e. Oca paa ope, opaoy aay pae, ocyapce, paceoc, cycce, oco, . Xapaepy pyccoo eoea pe opa epoeco yyp, o ey y. pyccoo eoea eaea opaa oapeoc. opa oc epy, oa cepae, ca pa, ypee cepee. Aoaec cec y ceae ce op, ceae ce pa, cpacae ce cep. eep coe eao ee epeco e Peussentum und Sozialismus [5] oop, o Pocc ec coce oco p, ace eo epoecoo eoea, opae e aoaec y po oc. Pycce aoa c pea a opaax y, xo a pee. ocoec o y cceoa aoacc pyccoo yxa. O op ay-o eaecy cop pycco y, ee cey cooc oepoc ecoa. O o y cceoa pyccy peoooc, c opo eco cao pyccoe epocoeco. pycca copeca cya opaaa pope ocoecoo. Pycca peo coepac aeo cee o ocoecoy. a aec oa papyeo yeo Pocc, oa ce e oa paa pycco aoao. Caopapyee caocoae pycca aoaa epa.

Tao po ae aoao y oo ocecoy yy yeoe o yxooo, a pee yeo cepe op yxoe a, yxoe y. a aca yeo oopeoc, ycoeoc yeoo cpo, a ye acoe, ocee paoa ceo oe paoa opa, opae ocec yaecy ppoy. B opece ocecoo coepaec epee oex, ooex yao eoeecoo yxa. Too ooe pe aoac peooa yxoa ep, oa eaac ce oee oee yaeco, a a oepxoc, ococo cyecoa ya ocaaac caec ycoo, eeo pa, oeo opa. o, aoe, coepc yp pop, p aa. ocoec aaae coepaec peo yxa. Topeco eo paae yp cpac a eoeeco ppo. eoe opaec o coo ycooo a, epecae ec oaooe cyecoae epexo oe epee . C ocec apoaec pe oa ya, ooe pooyee. B cee cao oya ocoec y yaecy ppoy, y cey aoc yxa, o oeoe ee yxa. cee e o A.Maoy: A xye ceo, o aypa o oa co cpaca. Bee-o o ce o oceeo peea oxoy, c a epy epexo. O eoe oae, cae ypee yxoo cpac, ya eo a ae. aco ae ya eo ocxo cey. Bce epo ocoecoo o ca; eo coce y, pae copo eo cyeca, eo y, eo opoa, eo cpaaec o. ooy opece eo e eo ecoo, e opae oeoo a, oeo cpo , e apa epeooe ppooe ooopae eoeecoo pa, e ceo o, o cocae cy copoy a Tocoo. Poa ocoeco e acoe poa, o pae, o pae ocooo poa [6] . o ype pae eo eoeeco cy, eoo eoeecoo yxa, pacpaeoc c pax cpo pae oe coeo y.

ocoecoy ao o oa eoea cpaco, yo, ccyeo e, ceo aoc. Heo caecoo e y ocoecoo. O ec ae yxa, oeo cx, ccyeo cpac. Bce coepaec y ocpecoo oeo xpe, ce pyc o xpe. oa ae ocecoo, ycye ce eo yee xpe. ocoec xyo ooeoo e yxa. B o ypo e ce caec co cox ox ec ooy xyoeco eo opaeo e ycoeyc pooy, a xyoeco Tocoo, a eeooy pyey. o popoecoe xyoeco. O pacpae eoeecy ppoy, cceye ee e ycoo cepee, e oo, eo ee , e opax oppoax opax ee cyecoa, a ocoaeo, ey pecye. B ey, a e opoe, pecye, a e oaooc, ocoaeo, oo cx, a e eo e, e cee coaeo opaoao y pacpaec ya eoeeco ppo, cceyc ee pee . Topeco ocoecoo ocecoe opeco. O ec opye ocecy cx o oc poae pae. O aae oey aocepy ocecx xpe. O a oo caecy eoeecy ppoy. oce ocoecoo ce aec pepac. Too oa x pax, x epex, opaaec a paepe, opae p, ae pexepoe pocpaco. yooe ee ocoecoo ec cea coe , oo oae, ya oyae ooe oeoe . eoe, poc py ocoecoo, caoc o eoeo, ey pacpac e epe . ocoec e peooep yxa. O ec apae po oocee yxa.

opaea poooooc ocoecoo .Toco. ocoec aaae coepaec peo yxa, o ec oeo ae yxa, ec opae pyey. ece c e o yepa ce oeo, o opo c c copec pa, oxpa copece c, paa copecy epo copecoe ocyapco. Toco oa e peooepo yxa, o xyo caec ycoec a, opae pooy, a e yyey, e e eo popoecoo. ece c e o yye po cex copecx pa copecx c, c ea paao opae opecy epo copecoe ocyapco, e xoe ao peeceoc yyp. ocoec oae ype ppoy pyccoo a. Toco ca oaaec co, cpeee c . oec aem o coepaec peo, oopa cea aaec yxoo ooe. O popeae ee y ee o. Toco e ae, o aaac yxoo ooe peo, eo e popeae, o o ca axae oo copo oo peoooo poecca, a cee. ocoec peae yxoo oya ce yae. Toco peae yeo-eeco ooy e oe a, o coepaec cao ye, e pe ocec peoooo poecca. Xyoeco Toco, oe, oee coepeoe, e xyoeco ocoecoo, eo poa ye pe poa. O e xyo caeo. ocoec e opae caoeyc [7] . Xyoeco caoeoc e oe a coepeo, a xyoeco caeo. ocoec oee, c ce, e Toco, o oee ae, o ae . Toc e e yee oepy ooy, o cop epe o po . ocoec ocpae eoeecoo yxa. Toco e ocpae y ppo. ooy ocoec peo, coepayc ye eoeeoo yxa. Toco e pee ceo yco, ppo cpo eoeeco , ee paceo-oe poecc. ocoec a coe a eoeecoo yxa ocoae co pee. Toco e poeo yye po oo paceo-ooo eoeecoo a, oop o ceo . ocoecoo oaaec eooo opaceca poeoc Tocoo. Toco c eopaae coepeco ae xyoeceoe aoopae cax op . Ka xyoa caoeoc, ooecoo oaaec eoc o xyoeceoe aoopae. Xyoeco Tocoo ec Aoooo cycco. Xyoeco ocoecoo ocoo . ee oo ooe aeaeo coooee Tocoo . Toco c ca oa, a e eo , ppo eoe, o oa ecece coe ae. Eo c a aa eooe, o oe oxo eoo. ocoecoo y e coo ea o oe, coo ea o eoee eo cye, eo y aaa eoeecoo yxa. Eo c aa apoooe, a e eooe. O e a , e a ppo eoe peae ey o oe, a a xpca, a yxo eoe peae ey o eoee. oce, opoc o oe eoeec opoc. Bopoc e o eoee oece opoc, , oe, aa o ye pacpaec epe ay eoeecy, e epe ppooe opaee oy e eoea. ocoec e eoo, o oy oy o e, e Toco. o pacpaec ey cye eoea. oe, ceye oee eooo ooe apoooo.

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ocoec peaco? pee e pea o opoc, yo a, oe ooe eoe ooe cycco peacec. Ca ocoec oa ce aa peaco ca pea co peao eceo . Koeo, o oa e peaco o cce, ao aa paoa pa yepaa y ac cyecoae peaceco o oo. Taoo peaa ooe e cyecye, eee ceo oo , y oeo, e ocec. Bcoe ooe cycco coo oo ec oc ey y pa, oo oaeoae oee yoy eceoc, oopa ec oa peaoc. a peaa eceoc oe xyoeceo paea coax, oa e oe eocpeceo peao ea cycce. cycco oa e opaae peco eceoc, oo cea poae o p, o o o p ocye cyccy coeco oopae. cycco ocoecoo ce o yoae yxoo eceoc, o eaeco peaoc, oo eee ceo ao pec . Kocpy poao ocoecoo eee ceo aoae a aae peacec poa. Co e ayy, aoay epaoooe yooe poa, poceae a peaoc. He peaoc pecoo, eeo a, eoo yaa, e peaoc oex o pea y ocoecoo. Peaa y eo yxoa ya eoea, peaa cya eoeecoo yxa. Peao ooee eoea oa, eoea oa, pea y eo e, oop e eoe. Te paoe eoeecoo yxa, ope coca yoay ey poao ocoecoo, e oac peaceco paoe. opcae eaa opcoa ooe ey ao Kapaao Cepo, epe oope opac a caoo aa, e oe aaa peaceco. ee eee peac ooe aa . ocoec e oe aa peaco cce cxooecoo peaa. O e cxoo, o eaoo ea-coc. 3a coaeo y eo cea cpa ocoaea, c e ca ee peyc. e ca e oo e ooe y, oope p eo cee . Cyecy oee acee ooe y, yxoe yy ocoaeo . ocoecoo o p cea paec ooe e o pa. Tacea c cae Ma c Hacace oo Poo, Pacooa co Cpao, aa Kapaaoa co Cepo, Capoa c Xpoooo ao. Bce poa y ocoecoo py pyy a-o ee ya. He y eo cyax cpe cyax ooe. Bce opeeec o pe, ce ee c cc. ocoecoo e cyaoce pecoo peaa. Bce cpe y eoa y eee cpe, pooe o coey ae. Bce coe cooe aoooe e oapya e oeo-peey, peay eceoc, a ype , ype cyy e. B x cooex aoooex e papeaec aaa o eoee, o eo y, paaec poa e. Bce o ao oxo a a aae peacec poa. Ec oo aa ocoecoo peaco, o peaco . cop epayp epaype p, e cpa paoo poa aoa, yaa a paoo poa a ocoecoo, ocoeo ep epo eo opeca. oop o B.o, op a, eca, oac oaa. Ho acee poco y ocoecoo ec oo c o cax ex aax caee c aao, oop a e ao peaco, a . ex pyccx caee ocoec eocpeceo pae oo, ocoeo epx cox oecx. Ho ooee eoey y ocoecoo cyeceo oe, e y oo. oo ocpae opa eoea paoc, y eo e e, eco e cpae xap op. B o o oo cycco Ape eoo. ocoec e eoco ocpa opa eoea, opa eo cao ocee ae. Ko ocoec ca o ec co poc oop coe opecoe ooe coo, o ye e cex acoa, o eceoe, eaoe pe opecoe ee.

3ac oo pae opeco ocoecoo a a epoa. o 3aco oo ocoec ee cxooo, xo c cxooe coeopao, o yac, o cocpaa e , ye ocope, epo epoo oa. C 3aco oo aaec eaa ea aea ocoecoo. O ye e oo cxoo, o ea, o cceye o y pae eoeecoo yxa. O ye e yac capo cce coa, o ye ao oeo ee c op a, B.o, eco .. O ooaeo opa c yao eco. Ec o yac, o ya eo coce o, paec. eoe ee oee cao epe eo opeca, cya eoea ce pee eo epeca. Ho eoe epec e ococo epe yaa, a epe y, o o pacpaec yxoo pe. Teep epe opaec o apco eoeecoe, oopoe eyec ocoeo. ocoec ooaeo caoc paec caee. B e yeoc pycco epayp ocae ce o ape. o o cpaaeco cye eoea cye pa ocae eoo ae. ac oa e o peeccacoo yxa peeccacoo opeca. M e a paoc coeo opoe. Taoa aa opa cya. B aae XIX ea, oxy Aecapa I, oe cay yypy o ce ae cop, a oee ecyo o-o oxoee a opoee, a ea oa paoc ooo opeca pycco o. Taoo ceoapoe, peooe opeo ya. Ho cpo yaca a paoc opecoo a, cao ye oa a opaea. Bea pycca epaypa XIX ea e a pooee opecoo y ya, c oa yax cpaa, o o poo cace, e oo coepaec cyee ao-o . Cop paec opa aaaea co y caoo cxoa e copee pycco c XIX ea. epoo, oo, Te e opeco oc peeccacoo yxa op, o op yax o, x e ye p c. ooy yeoe ee Kocaa eoea, o ppoe coe eoea Bopoe XVI ea, apeeo Pocc XIX ea, co yy pooooy Bopoe, aeo e eay cpaaecy cyy. Haoe, ep pycco epayp Toco ocoec. B x e eo peeccacoo. O opae peoo o yo, o y cace. o xapaepo pyccx opo, o oe aoao x o y cace, ay cye, oe o pe. B ocoeco ocae ep pycca epaypa, opece eo ec o ye peoo cepe xapaep pycco epayp. B ocoeco cyaec c a pyco , pycco cy, o e o ace ce. Cop y pycco epayp, pecoe peoo o, peo cae, oe pec . Ho ocoeco coepaec ye pop e p, e ce. Tpae ocoecoo, a ca ca pae, ee aapcc, oee ocooee. He e a ocoecoo e, oopx o ceo oepae pa, ecxooc, oopx o y e paye. Ec ea paoc e ocoecoo, eoe ocooee yxa. o paoc epe cpaae. Ho ao xpcac y. ococ opaae epy eoea, yy eoea. o ep e oco . ya y eoea. eoe opoaec, oa ep oa. Bepa eoea ec epa o Xpca, oo-eoea. epe c co ocoec poec ceoe, eeoe yco Xpca, ay-o ccyey o y Xpca. Bo Xpca, ecoeo Xpcy, opa ocoec c e yacec po, popoo oopoo ec. Bepa ocoecoo o Xpca poa epe opo cex coe aaea oe. O e coe aco e: Epoe ao c ameucmuecux pae e o. Cao , e a a e epy o Xpca Eo coey. epe ooe opuo coeu o Ocaa poa. ocoec oep oecy epy epa ee coec ooaa o ce cooe pepacoe, eacec ya. Bepa epa e epaa ca, epa Xpca epaa ce ca. O oep yacecy epy eoea, o ocac epe xpcaco epe eoea, yy, ype ooa y epy. ooy e o ocoec pa, ecxoo-ecccec caee. Ocooa ce ec cao eo yeo y o. o ce Xpco, oop o e ce. ocoec poo eoea epe e paoe paoee ocoo o ocoecoo, o paoee e y ooaeo eoea. epe oo-eoea o oe occaoe eoeec opa.

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ocoec pae e cae, oop yaoc pacp ce coe xyoeceo . B opece eo opac ce poope eo yxa, ce eoe . Topeco e o eo, a ox, ppe o, o coepaoc ye, O eo e ya, ooy ey yaoc cea yee op o eoee. B cye cox epoe o paccaae o coe cye, x coex o cox coex, x paoex o cox paoex, x pecyo oe o ax pecyex coeo yxa. opa ocoecoo eee epeca, e eo opeco. ca ocoecoo eee epec, e eo . O ceo ce o co poee. o oo y eo. ooy ocoec eee aaoe, e oe pye cae, eo ee paaa, e, apep, oo. oo - o cax aaox pyccx caee. O e opa ce coe opece, o yec c coo ay coe oc o p. p yac oa-o ee oe paaa. Tao aao ocaec ac oc B.Cooea. B cox ococx oococx paaax, coe ye B.Cooe ppa, a e opa ce, x e opaaec poopeoc eo ppo. o oe cxoope oo oe o e oaac. He ao ocoec. Ocoeoc eo e a aoa, o ey yaoc o y oea coe opece o coceo cye, oopa ec ece c e poa cya eoea. O e cp o ac coeo Coocoo eaa, o e op a ep coeo Maocoo eaa. ooy opeco ocoecoo ec . ec ocoecoo e ec oepxoca eo oe, e opac cae y eo yxa.

ocoec aa ce oeo coeoa oey . o epo o cce, o o ocaac pycc eoeo, opaec ca c pycc apoo. O oa e opac o aoax ope. Ho o e oxo a caoo, o paea ye coepeo pyo oxe. o cpae co caoa ocoec pycc cae, pycc cpao o yxo pa. eo e o coeo oa coe e, e o yoo ea oex ycae. O e ca ye c ao cao a, o ec ae, ecooce, ec poa oa, y o pyeo, ec peo yxa. O eoe Aoacca. Cao e ee o aoaeco oe. ocoec pee ceo opaa cyy pyccoo caa oeea, o opao xapaepee eo, e eo . o caeco o ca xapaepo pycco epo. Cao e pec, poc e , pe ee . caa oa e a ee o epo peo. ocoec oe eoe. Eo cx oo, a e e. Eo xpeoe ee. ce ye oe y ocoecoo, e y caoo. O o-oy oocc aao Epoe, o apo Epo, a e oo Pocc, o-oy oocc epocoy epoy pycco cop, o cae eepypcoo epoa, xyo eepypa. Cao eo y. ocoec ec ye paoe. M ee y, a oac e ocoecoo o Pocc o e . Ho cpay e xoeoc ycao, o ocoec e caoco opo. o ooy oy coey ocoec oe pycc cae, epaop, co pyo. Eo e c e epayp. O epaypo yxoo, aepao. O c e e ca, poe epayp. o coe oc opy cyy pyccoo cae.

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oce yee y ocoecoo, eoaa ocpoa eo ya. o o cax yx caee poo epayp. eo e oo cooecye ce eo xyoeceoo apa, o, oe, peocxo eo xyoece ap. B o o oe oaec o .Tocoo, oop opaae eoopooc, poeoc, o ococ coeo ya, e coeo a coe eo eaoo xyoeceoo apa. Koeo, e Toco, a ocoec e cee. Topeco ocoecoo ec yeoe o ecy, cpcoe, poaee opoee ya. o ce ocpoe ya ex caee c oe cpae o ecp, e y . ae y øe, eaeo ex, e oaa ao ocpoo, ao aeeco yo, a y ocoeoo. o e oee yeo, o ocoec peae oceco, opo cx. a cx, oa oa eo axaae eoea, oo e aopcye ocpoe opoc ya, oa aye y. Ho y ocoecoo opoc, caoc cao c, oca y eo caa aea e. ocec oe c, o ec oeo xpe c. aea e y ocoecoo oe, o oe o ocpoa c e yacae, c ocae ocee ocpo. Te, oope e epecyc eo aeo ocoecoo, paec y eo eao c, oo o xyo cxoo, e e a oo ocoeco, e oy o eo yxa. Bce opeco ocoecoo ec xyoeceoe papeee eo aa, ec paecoe ee e. epo oo e, Pacoo e, Capo, Kpo, a, .Bepxoec e, a Kapaao e. Bce epo ocoecoo ooe ao-y ee, oe ee, ce paoop eo poaax peca yey aey e. Bce,o acao ocoec, acao o pox pox  opocax. eee ceo paae, o ocoec ca eeoe poa a these [8] poe ax-o e. e coepeo ae eo xyoecy, o xyoeceo pacpae e. O e cae aoco cce coa, a e o poo cce, ao o paee oo yopeoc ae pe. O coepae epe e, o cea e, ae, paeco x cye, a e ooe. cee ocec oe cpoo oop: axoa oco (o e e, e ce). a, o aaeeca oco ey oxo aaac. Eo y e a cocee y ococoa. O aco ocoo, ea pycc ocoo. oco o ae ecoeo oo, ococa c oa acea eo . Topeco ocoecoo ecoeo ao ococo apooo, oco cop, oco pe, paceo oco. O, oe, aoy ayc y oco, o ooy oe ee ay, ao ye ococye o nocee o ao ocoecoo. ococoae o npenocee cao c paoo ocoe.

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ocoec opae o yxo p, o opaae eoey eo yxoy yy. a yxoa ya a oa y eoea opoea paceey a, eocaey eo c. eoe ocac cepeo apce coe y a oepxoc coeo ea. O epeca oya epee y. o poecc oea eo yoo yxooo pa aaec peoo-epoo cepe, a oaee ceo pacee p coe yxa coa pea y, ycpeeo oy ooy y ee yxooy py. Koaec e poecc oo, aoco aepao, o e coepe oeyae eoea pa. Tpacee p ooaeo ecec eoaaeoe. Bce y cooe peceac, oe oo o p coce . paa oaoo xpcaca o coy ocy oa oc yepee aoca, pacae yxoo y eoea oe oo pec opa coo yxooo oa, aa eoea aepao cxooecc . ocoec, a e yxa, ooaa oopo yp, yxoo ye eoea, yxooy oy, opaee eoey eo coceo yxoo y, pop epe ayy aepay cxooecy . eo eoe ec e o cxooecoe, o yxooe ceco. yx e e eea, a yp eoea. ocoec epae epaoc yxooo oa, cae ce pae, ceae ce copoee oc. yxoe a opac o ypee aeo e. B eoee epe eoea ocaec o. ooy ocoecoo oo pa aeco yoae cce coa. o ec y cpoo, opae . O pacpae Xpca ye coea, epe cpaaec y eoea, epe cooy. Pe ocoecoo o y coey pooooa apapo-paceeoy y . o caa cooa pea, ay e p, aa aoco coo. B peoo coa oe ocoec oa e oca ooaeo eoc, oa e peooea o oa poope, o y. Ho oe aoc eo eao pe coo cooo . B ee cae oo a eca, oope oayc poopea aoy oa . Ho yo caa, e cae aae cee ce ocoe e ocoecoo, papocae pax ecax. e oo c oe ee co oopc eo poaax. Ta ec ye ea aea ee o Beo ope, oopo yepaec pe coo. B poooooc aco caaeoy e yo epo acaa a o, o yx ocoecoo e ooeoe, a e paeoe apaee. aoc eo aoc yepe, a e opa. O pa oa, eoea p epe ce y paoe y. ocoec o y oa ppoy pyccoo . Ho ec o o-o opa, o opa . O . o oae eo o .Toco, oop apae cec . He ocoec ca a e, e oa-o. M pc ey. oo ooo opaec y eo ac cee oa epe a paeco pycco cy.



[1] Bepe: epeH, Mpocoepae . Paha, 1923, -o YMCA-PRESS. eaaec o oy a. Pe. c.: eep . Hoea epaypa o ocoeco // Copeee ac, 1923. 17. C, 451 456; B. ocoec epe // Ho ypa, 1971. K, 105.

Mpocoepae oroa a epea o ocoeco, oa opaa ce oee e ecee pae o caee: o epo ca Be op o poe o eoee pece ocoecoro yx pycco peo. c Mpocoepa c peecy ca epea o ocoeco c. oeap cae poee.

B peco epe oo yaa ay ee aepe 23 cep 1921 , oeae, oye oo ee coa c ceap o ocoeco, oop o e Boo Aae yxoo Kyyp o 1920 / 21 . ec e epe ocaoo oo opee co oxo cceoa ocoecoo: .. aca ry, opo e o ac pacp pocoepae ocoecoo, o o oe ooe o oeo coceoro pocoepa.

oa r ao yec p pa aopo. ep p coao-cpec. o pe 3-x peo 3-x o, epx oceopcx co ax, eoxox py a pyra, o oepax c o aacpooc ox aaa XX . Bopo p eooec yxoo-ococ. O ca c oopo ac pycco ee o aepaa apca eay, pa e oa, aepaa apca, apooepccoo eoeooecoro yaa, apoooeco op, opa, o e pecaee peoo-ococo c, cocoa oy eoea eoeeco. ypa ocoecoro o peo ee ce ococo poea, ee eoa po oaaac eo y eo ca oe a ce opoc copeeoc. peaee ao a: o pecae pycco peoo-ococo c e ooe e ocoecoro, o ce o aca o e , ca oca e caa. Tpe p aopo aopaec. epe poecce o coeo poope eae ocoecoo oopo cex cox ococo-copecx o-ceecx ocpoe.  O p xpcaca Xpca o eree o Beo ope epe peooee Capoa capor cee o pe yepe ocoecoro a eaoo pyccoro ce, apoooa, eaoa, eaa popoa, pae ooro cxaooecoro, aoaecoro xpcaca, epcoaca ceaca. p o pax ococo p epe paye ocoecoo a, o cea ero poce cee. o ey yaec.

ae oe opa ae a aa a o : ocoec, eoe, Cooa, 3o, o, Peo, Coa, Pocc, Be op, ooeoe, . coa c coepa yepca ceo epecoro opeca, a ero . Ka x yepcan paepaac epe oropao, pax cax ax.

eoc Mpocoepa pa aae yepca, aoec coco e, aopcec c.

B c c e, o pee . eepa B. a oyoa pacx ypaax ocac pyoocy ox aee pee ec x ocoe ooe. Pee . eepa a oce pe a o ocoeco, e 1923 r. aca pycc paa. oanu . cea . ep, - ec, 1923; Becae . Pycca cx y ocecoro, ep, -o ec, 1923 epe H. Mpocoepae ocoecoro. Pee . eepa o oro ecpaea o ooe o ce pe . c oe ee oea oo coacc. Bo cex pex ax peee oea o o eocao o peepea e eo, o cocae coeopae ocoecoro, ecey eopy epy eo opeco eeoc (eep . Hoea epaypa o ocoeco // Copeee ac- 1923. 17. C. 454). eopo epo, opeee ce opeco ocoecoro, peee cae ceec oe, ocoeoc xyoeceoro e cae (c, a e.. 454 455). Ap ca, epe o coey poope, ecop orocee aepe coyoc ocoecoy, a cao ee coye . ooy y ero ceoao oaa o cpaeoc o e Mpocoepae ocoecoo, o Mpocoeae epea-. - o e ae y ee ae... Be oy eo peca ee caoro epea! (a e. C, 460). a peee, a, o o oa e epea c ao ocpoo ao ocecoro, a p e epea, py yepa, o ee caoro epea... e ao... e aeo, ecop a o, coo aea oo x pae epea (a e. C. 460 461). Kpyec epe a cecoe aoye, eoo a c, a cpeee oaeo axo y ocoecoo xo paecx yo (c.: a e. C. 461 465).   

pee pyro poooo o o re. O pae B. y, eoey, ooe epea c oop peo ec pa. (C. epe H. Caooae. C. 268). B cae ocoec epe ae ay oey: B coe ece ecoeo eao e o oceco H.A.epe a EPEPOC CE... (Beeo B. . .)... a H. A. epea o ocoeco a ca, yoa reaa, oce ee eeo oc a cyy ee apa , o pe. B. ocoec epe //Ho ypa, 1971.K, 105.C.260. (H-op). a oa coa oea oepac ae cae a opo aao epea.

[2] Boa Aae yxoo Kyyp (BAK) a opaoa epe Moce 1919 . cyecoaa o ero c Pocc ayc 1922 . oce c o coa epe a pooee pa Peoo-ococy aae, epeeey ae ap -a . paoe Aae c.: epe H. A. . C. 220 222.

[3] coinsidentia oppositorum (a.) coaee .

[4] xoopee .Tea.

[5] Preussentum und Sozialismus (e.) pyccaeco coa.

[6] poaax ocoecoro a poaax-parex .  " " ( . 1914. . IV) . " . ( . 1914. . IV). . " -" ( . . . ., 1916).

[7] Toc ocoeco a xyoe caero xyoe caoeroc . . (..  ). , , , ., . . , , , , , , . , , , (..  ). (. , . " ", . " " )

[8] athese (pa.) ecax, e eco, a ec.